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Prědložniky

Most prepositions in Interslavic govern the genitive. This is especially true for all prepositions that were derived from nouns, adjectives or adverbs. In the case of prepositions referring to place and time, the following can be assumed as a guideline, although there are exceptions:

  • the genitive case is used when a movement away from/out of a location is indicated.

  • the accusative case is used when a movement towards/into a location is indicated;

  • the instrumental or locative case is used when the location is stable, i.e. there is no movement at all.

Prepositions should only be used according to their logical meaning, not according to national idioms. Here follows a list of prepositions in Interslavic:

With the genitive

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  • bez — without
  • blizko — near, close to
  • dlja — for
  • do — to, towards, till
  • iz — from, out of
  • iz-medžu — from between
  • iz-nad — from above
  • iz-pod — from under
  • iz-prěd — from before
  • iz-srěd — from among
  • iz-za — from behind
  • kolo — next to, around
  • kromě — except
  • mimo — past, by
  • naprotiv — opposite
  • od — of, from (away from); since; by (agent)
  • odnosno — concering, about
  • okolo — around; about, approximately
  • podčas — during, so long as
  • podle — near, beside
  • pomimo — in spite of
  • poprěk — across
  • pored — next to
  • poslě — after
  • posrěd — amidst, in the middle of, among
  • posrědstvom — by means of, using
  • povrh — to the upper side of, atop
  • srěd — among, amid
  • suprotiv — contrary to
  • u — at, at the place of
  • vdolž — along
  • vměsto — instead of
  • vně — outside of
  • vnutri — inside, within
  • vslěd — following, because of, as a result of
  • za — during, in times of {{/columns}}

With the dative

  • blagodare, dekujuči, hvala — thanks to
  • k — to, towards (direction)
  • po — according to, per, by, in the manner of; for ... each, for ... a piece
  • protiv — against
  • soglasno, suglasno — according to

With the accusative

  • črěz, prěz — through, across, via
  • po — for (in pursuit of, to get something); for (the Xth time); up to
  • za — for, because of, due to, in exchange for, in favour of, instead of

With the instrumental

  • ponad — above, beyond
  • s, so — with, together with; by means of, using

With the locative

  • o, ob — about; concerning, regarding
  • po — after, following; along(side); throughout, round, all over

With the accusative and the instrumental

The following five prepositions refer to place and (if applicable) time. The instrumental is used when the location is stable (Kot spi pod stolom — "The cat is sleeping under the table"), the accusative expresses a motion toward it (Kot poběgl pod stol — "The cat fled under the table").

The preposition za can also be used with the genitive and (in other meanings) the accusative, but because otherwise it belongs to the same category as the rest, it has been listed there separately.

  • medžu — between (place & time)
  • nad — above, over, beyond
  • pod — under
  • prěd — before, in front of, ahead of (place & time), prior to, ago
  • za — behind (place), after (time)

With the accusative and the locative

The prepositions v and na behave exactly like the previous category, except that for a stable location the locative is used instead of the instrumental.

  • na (+ loc.) — on, at; (+ acc.) — on(to), unto
  • v, vo (+ loc.) — in, within; (+ acc.) — into

Prepositional constructions

The following combinations are no real prepositions, but are used as such and are often translated as prepositions. The list is of course far from being exhaustive.

  • bez obzira na (+ acc.) — regardless
  • čto se tyče (+ gen.) — regarding, with regard to
  • na prěkor (+ gen.) — in defiance of
  • ne gledajuči na (+ acc.) — disregarding, despite, in spite of, notwithstanding
  • od strany (+ gen.) — by, on the part of
  • po odnošenju k (+ dat.) — regarding, with regard to
  • pod vodstvom (+ gen.) — under the leadership of
  • s izključenjem (+ gen.) — except, with the exception of
  • s obzirom na (+ acc.) — with regard to
  • s pomočju (+ gen.) — with the help of
  • sgodno s (+ inst.) — conform
  • susedno do (+ gen.) — next to, neighbouring to
  • v času (+ gen.) — during
  • v imenu (+ gen.) — in the name of
  • v obličju (+ gen.) — in the face of
  • v odrazlikě od (+ gen.) — unlike, in contrast to
  • v odnošenju k (+ dat.) — regarding, with regard to
  • v ramah, v ramkah (+ gen.) — within the framework of, as a part of
  • v protivnosti k (+ dat.) — unlike, in opposition to
  • v smyslu (+ gen.) — in the sense of
  • v različju od (+ gen.) — unlike
  • v svezi s (+ inst.) — in connection with
  • v těčenju (+ gen.) — during
  • v vrěmenu (+ gen.) — during
  • v zaměn za (+ acc.) — instead of, in exchange for

Many prepositions can also be used as prefixes. See {{ link slug='word-formation#prefixes' /}} for details.